Painting a face will involve a lot of anatomical accuracy and the propositions of the face to be painted. Therefore, whatever media and paint materials used, it is better to start with a sketch first. Accurately affixed lines will greatly assist the face painting process.
However, if the material we use is oil paint on paper, be careful with the type of pencil used to draw the sketch. Because it is possible that the pencil markings will be visible even after the paint is applied many times on it.
This happens because no matter how thick the oil is, it will still have a transparency gap to light, while a hard/thick HB pencil will reflect the light. So, as much as possible use a non-shiny pencil such as a soft pencil 6B and above, etc.
In addition to anatomy, mixing colors in face painting is also quite complex. One-one portrait color that we affix will appear too orange, yellow, or even too pink. Various things that can be considered in color mixing can be seen at the link below.
Face Painting Steps
The following are general guidelines for face painting.
1. Start with an accurate sketch of the face using a soft, matte pencil (4b+).
2. Color the outside of the face sketch with the background color we want, so that the sketch appears to be a silhouette with the existing line details. This stage is important to do because the color of the skin will be greatly affected by the surrounding area.
3. Apply the middle color or the color that is most visible from the face to be painted without completely covering the sketch line, do it carefully. and start with a color that is not too flashy first.
4. Start coloring the darkest part of the painting and slowly and accurately cover the outline of the sketch. Usually a dark brown or burnt umber color is suitable for this stage. This stage will replace the sketch line with the existing shadow outlines in the portrait including: nose, lip lines, eyelids, etc.
5. Start shaping the highlights or light parts of the face slowly from a color slightly lighter than the middle color (midtones) if necessary, correcting the color if it doesn’t look natural.
6. Pay attention to all parts of the painting whether the darkness and lightness of the painting are appropriate and color correction if necessary. Dab some brown mixed with ultramarine blue and add a little white mixed with a little yellow ocher to lighten up the less bright parts.